The calcium and magnesium found in hard water come out as lime scale. Overtime, the scale builds up in pipes, as well as water heaters, tea kettles, and coffee makers and other forms of household machinery. Consequently, this reduces the flow of water through pipes, causing them to become clogged. Additionally, hard water diminishes soap's ability to froth, forming a sticky scum product which also clogs pipes. The main method used to counteract scale buildup is through filtering the hard water through a water softener.
What is a water softener and what is its job?
A water softener is a device used to remove the hardness minerals found in hard water. The water softener is specifically designed to remove ions, namely calcium and magnesium ions, which are both positively charged. A water softener collects hardness minerals in its tank, in order to regularly drain them out of the system. The water softener is then required to exchange the ions. When this exchange is implemented, it replaces calcium and magnesium ions with other ions, such as potassium and sodium.
Does a water softener come in one or more forms?
• Timer Regenerated – A water softener that works based on a time clock. In most instances, the timer is set so that the water softener can regenerate once every 7-day period, using somewhere around eight pounds of salt for the regeneration process. While the amount of salt used in it is amongst the highest of any type of water softener, a timer regenerated water softener is extremely cost efficient.
• Meter Regenerated - This water softener operates based upon by how much water is generally used. This water softener can adjust itself in order to regenerate more frequently guests or later if you travel a lot and use less water. Since it only regenerates when it needs to, it is the most efficient in its salt usage, making it one of the more popular types of water softener.
• Manually regenerated – This water softener is not equipped with a timer or meter and is the best option for those without a draining system.
Hopefully, these tips can help you choose the best water softener for your household.